Kenya Constitution articles 43. Reads “(1) Every person has the right— (a) to the highest attainable standard of health, which includes the right to health care services, including reproductive health care; (b) to accessible and adequate housing, and to reasonable standards of sanitation; (c) to be free from hunger, and to have adequate food of acceptable quality; (d) to clean and safe water in adequate quantities; (e) to social security; and (f) to education. (2) A person shall not be denied emergency medical treatment.”
The Design and production plan of Diaspora University Town (DUT) is done to meet Kenya Constitution 43 rights of healthcare, housing, food, clean water, education and social security. Dan Kamau the Executive Trustee and Project Development Director says that at in every DUT production stage the goal is not just producing buildings but also meeting constitutional rights as persons use the buildings and roads for production and residential as the town settlement emerges. He says, “The environmental rights are very important.”
Kenya Constitution article 42 on environment reads, “Every person has the right to a clean and healthy environment, which includes the right— (a) to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations through legislative and other measures, particularly those contemplated in Article 69; and (b) to have obligations relating to the environment fulfilled under Article 70.”
Kenya Constitution article 70 reads, “(1) If a person alleges that a right to a clean and healthy environment recognized and protected under Article 42 has been, is being or is likely to be, denied, violated, infringed or threatened, the person may apply to a court for redress in addition to any other legal remedies that are available in respect to the same matter.”
Dan says that most of the settled areas in Kenya do not meet Kenya Constitution article 70 obligations. He argues that if the cases were to be taken to court almost all towns in Kenya would have environmental cases on either dust, litter, air, water and other pollution.
“DUT aim is to ensure that the town has minimal pollution,” Dan says. He adds, “The first production will produce 620 plots, 590 buildings inside the different plots and a 12 km road network. The designers are also working on a booklet that will ensure every plot meets the environmental standards. We have also incorporated systems that will make waste become raw materials or energy.”
The DUT development model is one way of developing a sustainable town. The first production will be done in 330 acres. “When complete about 4000 residents and 1000 students will benefit from this production and the use of land productively to meet constitutional rights,” says Dan. He adds, “The project shall develop a new sustainable GDP of about Kshs 3 billion. It is this new GDP that will progressively ensure the constitutional rights are met.”
Many of the young generation that have joined the project say that it could not have come at a better time. Gift N. Mtambo, who is working on the DUT ICT plan says ICT is very important for the Diaspora University Town population well being, the ecosystem, the economy and the environment. It is a key element for improvement, manageability and growth of any smart town around the world. Gift says “We are working on the best ICT plans that will make recycling of waste become part of advancing constitution rights as waste becomes raw materials”